An AI-enabled World post Covid-19

An AI-enabled World post Covid-19

AI has been changing and transforming all facets of modern businesses and creating great convenience for individuals through its applications. Both Artificial Intelligence and automation have been playing crucial roles in the new wave of digitalization. Though Covid-19 has generated havoc in people’s lives, it will be interesting to see how AI will reshape our world and our daily lives?  

We are already witnessing the adoption of Artificial Intelligence Technology in various businesses, which is exactly what is expected to be proliferating. We already know that the post Covid-19 era won’t be the same; however, it is evident to uplift the ‘New Normal’ and regenerate our economies. Big Innovation Centre India is all about building Emerging Technology induced ecosystems that help society. So, let’s find out what would the AI-enabled World for the post Covid-19 period look like. 

  • Education and Business Communication 

It can’t be denied that we have been quite accustomed to the new form of communication. Virtual Meetings, Webinars and Webcasts is the new venue for business gatherings. Even creating Smart Campaigns by analyzing and forecasting the value per click of individual ads based on its copy and its target parameters. The emergence of smart call centres that uses Voice-Over Internet Protocol Technology in order to model a wireless customer service experience. 

If we talk about Education, academia has already transformed in the past two years, and AI is paving its way to streamline other peripherals of the industry like automating administration, providing personalized guidance to students, creating smart content over the web etc.  

  • Virtual Assistants 

According to the report by Statista, From the year 2020, there has been a significant increase in the deployment of virtual assistants. There were around 4.2 billion digital voice assistants that were being used in various devices around the globe. It is speculated that by the year 2024, the number of digital voice assistants will rise to 8.4 billion units.  

AI-based Digital Assistants use Natural Language Processing Technology (NLP) to convert human communication into algorithms and replies. The post-Covid period looks promising for Virtual Assistants to enter various other segments of industries like healthcare for data exploration etc.  

  • AI and IoT 

Emerging Technologies are making a better world for us, and the integration of AI and IoT has provided the world with a higher sense of accessibility, availability and interoperability. AI will strengthen the core of IoT, eliminated cyber-attack risks. Since the post Covid-19 period, it is inclined towards a digital frontier, detecting such cyber threats is crucial for the protection of digital information and identity.  

  • Tracking and Security  

A smart environment requires various emerging technology applications and thus building a safe and secure environment with Artificial Intelligence. Interoperability is a significant aspect that provides accessibility to individuals, industries and even government, like Security, Surveillance etc. Computer vision-based tools are used to track and identify individuals wearing masks and maintain social distancing in public places like gyms, malls, parks, etc.    

It can also help to curb the spread of Covid-19 by tracking an individual’s footprint through a Digital HealthMap. These Health Maps can be used while travelling as a health passport. Various countries are implementing stricter measures to avoid severe situations, and thus, these Digital Health maps are an ideal way to keep track of an entire population. 

  • Robots and Automation 

Sanitation is a staggering issue that needs immediate attention for the health and safety of people. Businesses are investing a great some of their revenue in maintaining the sanitation of offices, factories, warehouses etc. It also involves human labour along with capita; thus, the rise in automation and robots will be becoming quite popular in recent times. UV sanitation robots can be deployed to sanitize rooms, conference halls by programming a schedule. It is AI-enabled and would be an excellent addition, even called an asset to any business or organization.  

 

Robotics and Automation, Virtual Assistants, chatbots, AI-based surveillance systems and communication methods would soon be a normal part of our lives and a parcel of this data-driven economy. It would just not help us battle this covid situation but also drive our economy into a prosperous future. The phenomenal advancements in AI are helping various industries survive and overcome the most prominent health crisis. The Future of Artificial Intelligence is bright as I will prepare ourselves to develop strategies that will mitigate further risks and avert any impending disasters like the Covid-19. 

How is AI advancing Healthcare and Medical Science?

How is AI advancing Healthcare and Medical Science?

Remaining as a fact in history, Artificial Intelligence has influenced all our lives in one way or the other, by becoming an office companion or a home assistant. However, among all this, AI has been a blessing to the Healthcare Industry. The Adoption of AI in the Healthcare and Medical Science is growing rapidly as according to a report by Sage Growth, 90% of the hospitals have provided a solid nod to the AI culture in making developments in their medical infrastructures and also support their employees in performing their jobs more diligently.  

Though that being said, it also raises the privacy concern for the authorities that could threaten the security and privacy of patient data. Several Medical Institutions and hospitals are trying to find a solution to avoid such situations by putting up stringent policies and structures, mainly focusing on the rights to patient data.  

How does AI work in improving Healthcare? 

The Artificial Intelligence system is inspired by the Brain’s Neural Network of managing, processing, storing and release information. Here, AI begins with a massive amount of data, and then it employs machine-learning algorithms to extract information. This information is then utilized to generate meaningful results to solve a complex problem that is fed into the medical system.  

AI Models identify meaningful patterns and translate into clinical imagery through deep convolutional neural network. This helps in patient diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and caregiving. Though we have only scratched the surface to find out this, there is much more that AI could achieve in the future. At present, the recently built modern algorithms can easily solve complex medical problems by using binary classification of data. It can review, interpret and also recommend solutions to be later carried out by a medical practitioner.    

Applications of AI in Medical Science and Healthcare 

There are numerous ways how Artificial Intelligence has helped the medical field. It is bringing about a transformation that is and will be going to be remembered as the time for a change. So, where is AI being used to help the medical industry? Let’s find out. 

1. Clinical Support for Decision Making 

 AI is a powerful tool that helps medical professionals make quick and accurate decisions. Through Pattern recognition system, Artificial Intelligence can make room for better diagnosis and treatment in case of emergency. At times, it can also be used as a second opinion to the medical practitioner to avoid complications and miss any unruled circumstances that could occur.  

2. Patient Information Management 

Artificial Intelligence has proved excellent for diagnosis but also great for patent information management. Automated information updation and interoperability etc., are considered great for both the medical institution and the patient. Telemedicine is also becoming popular that is the remote delivery of healthcare services and medicine. AI detects and evaluates the patient condition and helps in outpatient care for hospitals.  

3. Drug Discovery 

Though you have already observed how AI has elevated the situation and provided the needful for Drug Discovery and Development in the times of Covid-19, but if you haven’t read our article, read it here ‘How is Artificial Intelligence winning the Covid-19 situation’. Artificial Intelligence has saved humankind by its efficient and accurate testing/identification of combinations. Accelerating the entire process, AI has produces an innovative approach to medicine and medical science sphere.  

4. Improve Research and Development  

By the focused adoption of AI in medical science, we can control or manage the budget spend on R&D. Since R&D is a great part of medical science, governments and private institutions are spending a colossal amount of money on its part. However, with the deployment of AI in the field, there will be a significant change in the nature of research as it will be fast-tracked and have accurate results, simply saving time and money. 

5. AI-assisted surgery 

This might look like something from your favourite sci-fi movie; however, this is being practised in different parts of the world. AI-enabled Robots helping the surgical procedure with a surgent. There has been much evidence that proves the fact the Artificial Intelligence has the ability to provide acute care management like surgery to its patients. Advanced Analytics and Machine Learning, along with Robotics have made it possible in time.  

6. Prevent a Pandemic/Epidemic 

Though it may seem quite far-fetched, it will soon be a common enactment. Artificial Intelligence, along with Machine Learning are great to provide insights on early detection of a spread. It processes massive information of patients without any human help, thus maintaining confidentiality and detect early symptoms of a group of patients in a locality. This application can also be incredibly beneficial for the government to take immediate action.  

7. Reinforcing Life Insurance and Medical Covers 

Artificial Intelligence is also used in Finance and banking industry. It is interesting to know that Financial Institutions are using Artificial Intelligence to help people find out the appropriate amount that they need to cover their medical insurance and even life insurance. The AI works through the medical history of the applicant by applying advanced analytics and thus make a balanced document that will be accurate for the individual. This saves money and time for any patient. Some hospitals provide this facility as an overall management or healthcare package. 

 

Thus, AI looks well-positioned to transform the healthcare industry as a whole. AI systems can help in multiple ways other than the ones listed above, like transcribing notes, send healthcare alerts, managing and updating patient data into EMR portals and also help in diagnosing patients. Artificially intelligent systems are great to help patients with inpatient, outpatient and follow-up care. The future of AI in the healthcare industry is promising, and yet there is so much that remains to be done. If you want to know more about AI and its role, you must be a part of our latest webinar, Role of AI: From Vaccine Development to Distribution on 25th June 2021.  

How is Artificial Intelligence winning this COVID-19 Situation?

How is Artificial Intelligence winning this COVID-19 Situation?

The grave situation of Covid-19 just doesn’t display the dismay and horrifying nature of the virus but also puts up a relevant question how has advanced technology been a shield against these effects?  When tons of data accumulated for months are put under the microscope to help the global population, it is not just a matter of accuracy but also efficiency. Here technologies such as artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine learning etc., are being deployed to save humankindWhile iinitiated with the use of AI to have a check upon the spread of the virus to control the number of positive cases, it later spread out to vaccine development and distribution 

At present, AIalong with other digital tools are being used to oversee complex supply chains for vaccination, and also collect massive amount of data to track any severe symptoms that can affect individuals after one has received it. 

 

Vaccine Development 

Vaccine development is a time consuming and laborious process. It takes years to develop a vaccine that has managed to pass all the tests and trials. However, with advances in computing and artificial intelligence, machine learning, genome sequencing, systems biology, modelling, and bioinformatics, the world has witnessed rapid vaccine development for countries.   

Researchers belonging to the department of immunology and machine learning have been occupied studying and modelling various properties of viruses. One major characteristic is to know how antibodies can target a virus. Artificial intelligence that was once promised to solve complex human problems was put to use in this time of emergency to speed the analysis of vaccines and figure out the best available preventive medical therapy. 

AI also helped design a self-learning platform that deals with combining historical clinical and pharma data and providing information in real-time. Research labs are using AI and Machine Learning to predict potential targets. This is a great way to create clusters of people who already are exclusively prone to the virus from the comparatively healthier population. The method is flexible and adaptable to test potential mutations of the virus  

The immediate need to identify the best possible vaccines are also addressed by emerging technologies like AI and Machine Learning which is confirming a big advantage. These machine-learning models can achieve dynamic vaccine design cycles. 

 

How can the USC-developed method counter COVID-19 mutations? 

 

As the virus is seen to mutate in populations around the world, the USC’s AI-assisted method is said to be especially useful. As per engineers, this computer model works uniquely and makes their job efficiently. In this case of SARC – CoV-2, it has the potential to eliminate 95% of the compounds that have possibly treated the pathogen and brings the best options to find potential vaccines.  

 

So how does an AI system help in drug discovery? 

AI involves various method domains, such as reasoning, solution search, knowledge representation and other fundamentals of machine learning. So, by utilizes tools and software that can identify patterns, interpret and learn from the previous input data, it makes independent decisions to yield final resultsSimilarly, AI is being used in the field of drug discovery. Let’s find out various peripherals that are being benefited by Artificial Intelligence.  

  • Use of AI in Exploratory/pre-clinical trials 

The initial phase of drug designing involves a tedious filtering process that highlights vaccine candidates based on previously accumulated dataAt this instance, researchers used AI to process vast digital libraries of databases with absolute more accuracy than manual processing to finally arrive at potential treatment candidates. AI can also be used in DNA sequencing based on abstract human data, allowing clinicians to conduct exams in genetic matching etc. 

  • AI in Manufacturing and QA 

Once the regulatory approval of vaccine products is receivedit is time to develop and distribute the drug across a vast stretch of hospitals, diagnostic centres, camps and clinics. This is a rather massive job if taken into serious account and consists of significant operational implications that fall upon the shoulder of the manufacturers. It just doesn’t involve making the products but also rapid decision-makingAI streamlines the whole process by automating many steps that traditionally require human efforts like managing output capacity, the quality of the product, and packaging solutions.  

  • AI in prediction & tracking 

AI is lauded for predicting the nature of the virus, its spread and helping to developing early warning systems by drawing information from various social media platforms, official communication calls and news channels. AI has helped systemize the system and deliver useful information about the highly affected regions. There are various AI-based tools and softwares that have been of great use to identify and focus of badly struck regions having an outbreak and helps governing bodies to take precaution at an early stage.  

  • AI in early diagnosis 

AI is being used to detect and quantify COVID-19 cases received from chest x-ray and CT scan images. Recently researchers have taken up the initiative and developed a deep learning model called COVID-19 detection neural network (COVNet), that provides insight on the differentiating characteristic of COVID-19 and community-acquired pneumonia. This software displays a 2D and 3D model extracted from chest CT scan. It has been of great use to treat patients differently for medical professionals.  

  • AI in development of therapeutics 

AI techniques can leverage traditional technologies. It reduces the time required in developing a drug from bench to the bed by speeding up the entire process. Discovery, Screening and validation processes are some the areas where AI has excelled. AI can also accelerate pace by analyzing useful data for drug repurposing by screening compositions of already approved and validated drugs based on its molecular descriptors and properties.  

 

The continuous effort of each person will be making a great difference in the society today and adopting a pre-approved approach of testing, isolation and contact tracing is the only way to combat COVID-19. It is absolutely necessary to exploit the available knowledge available over the web to gather new information about the virus and be aware of its behaviour in general.  

AI is a boon to the world and it doesn’t need a second thought that this technology is saving millions of lives. From tracking the footprint of the virus to early symptom detection, drug discovery to vaccine distribution, Artificial Intelligence has proved to cater to humankindIt’s clear that AI – when deployed responsibly will be able to help is surpass this COVID-19 pandemic. It is only a matter of time when business and organizations that were previously hesitant to adopt AI in the functioning will try to make the best use of it.  

Will AI be the Next Big-Thing in Education?

AI and Education in the Future

The influence of Artificial Intelligence on our daily lives have put us to crossroads. It is somewhat debatable how technology is a boon or a curse. Nevertheless, we could never deny its potential to reign our lives. Artificial Intelligence is growing at a tremendous pace, and it’s difficult to predict the ever-changing dynamics of the market outlining numerous Industries. While it is evident there are no resources that point out how the market will react to AI in the future, the present is a significant example of its excellence, especially in the field of Education.  

The recent research and developments have presented that two types of AI have contributed to the elevation of the education spectrum. While previously, AI used Knowledge representation and reasoning (KR, KRR) to solve complex tasks, it has altered to data-driven machine learning. This subset of AI helps in various sections of Education like Adaptive assessment and Grading, Improve Student Retention and Performance Predication.  

1. Artificial Intelligence for Grading 

While Grading can be a timeconsuming and rather meticulous job, AI Grading has transformed how the entire process works. The new advanced data-driven AI and Deep Learning learns from the available data and replicates how humans grade papers and assignments. It is considered accurate and is said to manage large volumes of critical work like assessment. 

2. Improving Students Retention  

There are varying reasons that indicate the early dropping out of Students pursuing higher education around the world and dissatisfaction with academic performances, or course content is one that needs to be addressedAI and Machine Learning together can solve this issue by scanning tons of data and analyzing the chances of students dropping out of courses. It can also help provide personalized solutions for such cases and improve the academic experience of students.  

3. Performance Prediction 

Academic Support and Guidance have always been the prime importance for educational institutions and their curriculum plan. While teachers and instructors were appointed previously to look into the matter and help students, technology has taken over this sphere of performance analysis and prediction by examining a student’s academic level. AI, along with Machine Learning, Data Mining, Collaborative Filtering and Artificial Neural Networking take into account different types of data and identifies a pattern to provide predictions and recommendations. 

Forecasting of Artificial Intelligence in Education 

A market study by Markets And Markets suggests ‘The global AI in education market is projected to reach USD 3.68 billion by 2023, at a CAGR of 47% during the forecast period 2018 till 2023.’ 

While we have already discussed how AI is changing the education landscape through e-learning, providing real-time feedback and pressing on Smart Content for flexible and adaptable Education Planning, the future of AI in Education is leading rapidly towards Collaborative Learning. Emphasizing on developing computational thinking, cognitive and soft skill abilities among groups having similar academic pace and reflective practices. The future also predicts the rise of Global Digital Literacy that prepare students to work alongside AI and be comfortable in a digital workspace.  

Thus, AI is facilitating quality learning and persistently upgrading to provide better learning, as well as a teaching experience to students and teachers. In no time AI is becoming the backbone of Education. Will AI be the next big thing in education? We say it is a colossal thing that is going to stay with us and help us refine what we learn, and how we learn. Big Innovation Centre India is devoted to design such transformations for the society, and our efforts have just begun to give in. Since AI is emerging as pathbreaking solutions to complex contemporary problems, we need to understand the depths of this Emerging Technology. Come learn the science behind Artificial Intelligence and how it works with us. Register for our Artificial Intelligence Programme to know more.